India will never be a caste free society. However we can use caste in a good way to have a strong and cohesive representative government.
Govt rule on caste – And the present and future of caste.
Indian govt takes action for caste discrimination. It can not abolish caste system. There are many reasons.
1. Govt is secular. Caste is an issue of Hindu religion. So Govt can not interfere on religious caste issue.
2. Govt can only make sure all public facilities are available to all citizens without any caste discrimination.
3. Since SC/ST/OBC reservation is based on caste, Govt can not abolish caste system. Dalit population is 22%, so they get 22% representation in parliament. It has to take the account of caste population and religion conversion. Because after religion conversion, people’s caste is lost.
4. Govt should not act as a social reformer. Its job is law making and execution. It is the job of social reformers to motivate people and give a higher direction to society. That is the reason Govt always consults Indian intellectuals before framing laws.
5. Govt has banned Sati system, Dev-dasi prostitution, Sambadham sex in Kerala, untouchability etc. So time may come in future to ban caste system also. But now the primary goal is to uplift lower caste through reservation or equal representation.
6. Priest recruitment in Indian temples are done based on caste. So Govt can not abolish caste system because it will impact Hindu rituals.
7. The caste is included in title (surname) of each name. You need not ask caste to someone, you can guess caste from surname.
8. Caste is mentioned in sell-deed when one buys property. Wrong caste means property is invalid and subjected to disposal.
9. Caste is required for arrange marriage. Otherwise horoscope will not match.
10. Gotra is asked in temples and rituals. Gotra points to one’s lineage. Indian untouchables (SC/ST) have gotra with the name of animal and insects like tortoise, fish, snake etc. Ideally it should be the name of Vedic seven Rishi. Gotra and caste are related.
11. Another one is Sutra. To which sutra a person is affiliated. Sutras are Apasthamba sutra, Baudhâyana-Grhyasûtra etc.This is required in Mantras in Pinda-daan for dead father and rituals. Each caste has separate Sutras.
12. In Indian census (population count) system, govt registers the caste name as mandatory field. Not mentioning caste is an offence.
13. In society, in general, people will ask the caste at some point of time. Not belonging to any caste in Hinduism means, they are considered untouchables. They are not Hindus and assumed they are converted into other religion.
14. If you need a priest for rituals, then one has to look for his caste. So hiding caste will not help in finding a priest. Other solution is give priest-craft training through formal course as done by Arya-samaj and Chinmaya mission.
15. All the Hindu scriptures frequently uses word “Brahmana Kshyatriya Vaisya Sudra” and their duties. Removing caste from Hindu system will make difficult the life of scholars. Many Slokas from Hindu texts cannot be described. So whole a lot of edition/deletion of text is required.
16. What about the orthodox Hindu organization preaching birth based caste system? Like Sankaracharya math and other orthodox maths etc. They will be jobless once caste will be removed.
17. Hindu understands religion means caste and related traditions. Philosophies still are not part of masses. So removing caste means 99% Hindus will be secular because they don’t have any other religion. In fact that is the reason we are seeing many secular now a days. Because they don’t find any rational behind those caste rituals.
I think now it is a political decision to remove the caste from Hinduism. Govt can frame laws NOT to mention caste anywhere either verbally in society, temples, govt documents etc. Mentioning caste anywhere should be a punishable offence as per IPC.
However it will be difficult because this is tied to Hindu rituals too. And cleaning rituals can not be a part of political agenda. So looking for a casteless India is a myth. We need to think of how to restructure this system to the original plan based on self-declared Guna-Karma rather than hereditary.
So we need to create public awareness and then Govt will act on it based on demand.
For the time being we should have population wise representation for each of four major caste – Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaisya, Sudra. For example Dalits are 22% population, so they should get 22% share in each field. Today we have 155 MPs [22%] are representing in parliament from Dalits. Similarly for other three castes should get equal proportionate share in every field. In this way we can use caste wise population to built a strong representative democracy. And that is justice and equality. And that is good for India. This is the best use of caste as long as we cannot get rid of caste from India.
, Social worker, reviewer of caste technology.